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Guide to the J. Blaine Anderson Case Files ; Anderson (J. Blaine) Case Files

Case Files

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Guide to the J. Blaine Anderson Case Files 1972-1988

Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Overview of the Collection

Title: Case Files
Creator: J. Blaine Anderson, 1922-1988
Dates: 1972-1988
Quantity: 82 cubic feet
Abstract:Legal briefs and other documents, including memoranda and notes concerning cases heard by Anderson as U.S. district judge for the district of Idaho and as appeals court judge for the ninth district. The most extensive files are the Nevada Paiute Indian water rights case and the Sun Valley Airline crash case.
Identification: MG358
Language: English
Repository: University of Idaho Library Special Collections and Archives
Moscow, ID 83844-2351

Arrangement and Description

All of Judge Anderson's files were in labelled folders thus making it possible to reconstruct series divisions and original order. The folders in series two were stamped with a file number, and those in series three were labeled with either yellow or blue labels. Since the folders were in good condition and the folders themselves sometimes contained additional information, such as the place and date the case was heard, the material was kept in the original folders; however, in the case of very "fat files", the papers were divided and some material was placed in new folders. Several alphabetical card files facilitate access to the individual cases.Four drawers of Rolodex cards comprise series one. Information on the cards includes the name of the case, file number, and occasionally a synopsis of the point of law which was the reason for the appeal. These cards must be consulted to access the collection.Series two consists of the cases the judge heard in the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals at sessions held in Anchorage, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Diego, Portland, Seattle and Honolulu. These are in consecutively numbered folders, each case having its own number, and are accessed through use of the card index. All cases were checked against the card file and a check mark was placed in the upper right hand corner of the card if the case is in the collection. The following inventory lists only the file numbers in each box. The court of appeals case files include legal briefs, motions, opinions, judge's memos to each other, and manuscript notes pertaining to the cases.Series three consists of Idaho District Court cases. These are divided into two subseries, yellow labels and blue labels, both filed alphabetically. The yellow labelled cases are indexed by the name of the case and these cards have a "y" in the upper right hand corner of the index card. The files with blue labels are indexed under subject; a majority are under "Three Judge Court", but there are exceptions. These cases are identified by a "b" on the index card. The material contained in the folders is somewhat more extensive than that contained in the folders in series two.Series four contains extensive files on two district court cases. The Nevada-Paiute Indian case (U.S. and Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe of Indians v. Truckee-Carson Irrigation District) was heard in the District Court of Nevada and concerns the tribe's claim to substantial portions of the Truckee river in order to maintain it as a viable fishery. The Sun Valley Cases are the four consolidated law suits brought against Sun Valley Airlines and Beech Aircraft as a result of the crash of a Beech Aircraft, owned and operated by Sun Valley Airlines, near Fairfield, Idaho, on February 20, 1972, in which five people were killed.

Scope and Content

The case files of Judge J. Blaine Anderson span the years 1972 to 1988, with the bulk of the material covering his years on the appeals court, 1976 to 1988.

The papers include legal briefs, opinions, and other documents, memos and manuscript notes concerning cases the judge heard as District Court Judge and Appeals Court Judge. There is a card file index to all cases.

It has been reported that several law clerks purged the files of controversial material before shipment of the records from Judge Anderson's Boise office. This may account for some of the missing or empty folders. Other folders have evidence that individual documents were removed.


Administrative/Biographical History

J. Blaine Anderson was born in Trenton, Utah, on January 19, 1922. He married Grace Little on November 14, 1944; they had four children, three sons and one daughter. He graduated from the University of Idaho College of Law in 1949 and was admitted to the Idaho bar the same year. He practiced in Blackfoot as a partner in the law firm Furchner and Anderson until 1971, when he was appointed a district judge for the District of Idaho. One of his best known decisions was Marshall v. Barlow (1975) that held as unconstitutional an Occupational Safety and Health Administration provision that allowed the search of businesses without a search warrant.

In 1976 he was appointed U.S. Court of Appeals Judge for the 9th Circuit, the largest of the 12 federal circuit courts. As chief administrative judge of the Northern Unit, which included Alaska, Washington, Oregon, Idaho, and Montana, Judge Anderson was the highest ranking federal judicial officer in Idaho. While on the court he wrote the decision holding that the National Football League violated anti-trust laws when it refused to permit the Oakland Raiders to move to Los Angeles (see case 1795). He also wrote the decision in the Committee for an Independent P-I (Post Intelligencer), People Opposed to a One-Newspaper Town, et al. v. Hearst Corporation and the Seattle Times, which was concerned with the joint operating agreement between the Seattle Times and Post Intelligencer in 1982 (see case 1735).

Anderson was a member of the University of Idaho Alumni Hall of Fame and was awarded the first Faculty Award of Legal Merit from the College of Law in 1974. Well-respected by his fellow jurists for his excellent reasonings and opinions, he was awarded an honorary J.D. degree from Lewis & Clark College in 1978. He was a member of the American Bar Association, Idaho State Bar Association, South East Idaho District Bar, American Judicature Society, the American College of Probate Counsel, and a fellow of the American College of Trial Lawyers. In addition to his judicial duties he was chairman of Idaho's Air Pollution Committee from 1959-1960. He was still active on the appeals court when he died at his Boise home on April 17, 1988, at the age of 66.


Subjects

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Government and Politics
Idaho

Anderson, J. Blaine, 1922-1988--Archives.

Aircraft accidents
Court records -- Idaho
Judges -- Idaho -- Records and correspondence
Paiute Indians -- Legal status, laws, etc.
Water rights

Lawyer, Blackfoot, Idaho, 1949-1971; U.S. district judge for Idaho, 1971-1976; U.S. appellate judge for the ninth circuit, 1975-1988.

Administrative Information

Source

The papers of Judge J. Blaine Anderson were donated to the University of Idaho Library at the request of Dean of the College of Law, Sheldon Vincenti, by the Judge's widow, Grace Little Anderson, in December 1989.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I. Card Index
folder
1-2Card index
Series II. Circuit Court of Appeals 1976-1988
folder
3Cases 1-74 1976-1979
folder
4Cases 75-144 1976-1978
folder
5Cases 145-195 1976-1977
folder
6Cases 196-300 1977-1978
folder
7Cases 301-336 1976-1978
folder
8Cases 337-399 1976-1978
folder
9Cases 400-487 1977-1978
folder
10Cases 488-586 1978
folder
11Cases 587-661 1978-1979
folder
12Cases 662-702 1978-1980
folder
13Cases 703-733 1978-1979
folder
14Cases 734-778 1978-1979
folder
15Cases 799-810 1978-1980
folder
16Cases 811-840 1979
folder
17Cases 841-872 1979-1981
folder
18Cases 873-913 1979-1980
folder
19Cases 914-976 1979-1981
folder
20Cases 977-1016 1979-1983
folder
21Cases 1017-1052 1980-1981
folder
22Cases 1053-1095 1979-1983
folder
23Cases 1096-1159 1980
folder
24Cases 1160-1193 1980-1981
folder
25Cases 1194-1223 1980-1982
folder
26Cases 1224-1264 1980-1981
folder
27Cases 1265-1312 1981
folder
28Cases 1313-1253 1981-1982
folder
29Cases 1354-1395 1981-1984
folder
30Cases 1396-1449 1980-1983
folder
31Cases 1450-1502 1981-1982
folder
32Cases 1503-1562 1981-1983
folder
33Cases 1563-1608 1982-1984
folder
34Cases 1608-1648 1982-1985
folder
35Cases 1649-1686 1982-1984
folder
36Cases 1687-1736 1982-1985
folder
37Cases 1737-1787 1983-1984
folder
38Cases 1788-1822 1983-1987
folder
39Cases 1823-1883 1983-1984
folder
40Cases 1884-1937 1983-1984
folder
41Cases 1938-1970 1983-1986
folder
42Cases 1971-2022 1983-1985
folder
43Cases 2023-2060 1984-1986
folder
44Cases 2061-2105 1984-1986
folder
45Cases 2106-2139 1984-1985
folder
46Cases 2140-2178 1984-1986
folder
47Cases 2179-2216 1984-1986
folder
48Cases 2217-2248 1984-1986
folder
49Cases 2249-2281 1984-1987
folder
50Cases 2282-2318 1985-1986
folder
51Cases 2319-2366 1985-1986
folder
52Cases 2367-2401 1985-1987
folder
53Cases 2402-2439 1985-1987
folder
54Cases 2440-2481 1985-1987
folder
55Cases 2482-2521 1985-1988
folder
56Cases 2522-2561 1986-1987
folder
57Cases 2562-2598 1986-1987
folder
58Cases 2599-2617 1986-1988
folder
59Cases 2618-2668 1986-1987
folder
60Cases 2669-2706 1986-1988
folder
61Cases 2707-2740 1986-1988
folder
62Cases 2741-2782 1986-1988
folder
63Cases 2783-2820 1987-1988
folder
64Cases 2821-2861 1987-1988
folder
65Cases 2862-2896 1987-1988
folder
66Cases 2897-2938 1987-1988
folder
67Cases 2939-2973 1987-1988
folder
68Cases 2974-3031 1987-1988
Series III. District Court 1972-1977
A. Yellow Labels 1972-1977
folder
69A-Chk 43 folders
folder
70Chl-F 38 folders
folder
71C-Kn 36 folders
folder
72Ko-Mo 31 folders
folder
73Mo-Q 23 folders
folder
74R-S 31 folders
folder
75T-U 27 folders
folder
76U-Z 15 folders
B. Blue Labels 1973-1978
folder
76A-Ida 6 folders
folder
77Idaho-Z 5 folders
Series IV. Other Cases 1973-1980
folder
77-79Nevada Paiute Indians 1974-1980 48 folders
folder
79-82Sun Valley Cases 1973-1976 96 folders

Profile Description

Creation: Encoded by ArchProteus2003
Language: Finding aid is in English

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