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Guide to the Eugene Rufus Day Papers; Day (Eugene Rufus) Papers

Records

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Guide to the Eugene Rufus Day Papers1903-1926

Sponsor: Funds for processing were provided by the National Historical Publications and Records Commission.Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Overview of the Collection

Title: Records
Creator: Eugene Rufus Day, 1873-1922
Dates: 1903-1926
Quantity: 4.5 cubic feet
Abstract:Correspondence, legal documents, financial records for personal and business accounts, personal diaries and appointment books, and materials pertaining to the settlement of his estate.
Identification: MG314
Language: English
Repository: University of Idaho Library Special Collections and Archives
Moscow, ID 83844-2351

Arrangement and Description

The papers of Eugene R. Day are divided into five series. The first series, contains correspondence. The correspondence in the first four folders was in a letter box and are filed A-Z. Those in the remaining folders were in labeled file folders and are filed alphabetically by folder heading. Both groups are mainly concerned with mining properties in which Eugene had an interest, but several letters in both groups concern his problems with his wife; included in the first folder are two letters from William Borah.The second series is comprised of printed and bound volumes of court documents in the Mathilda Cardoner v. Eugene Day case. Also included are transcripts for the Eugene R. Day and Sarah E. Smith vs. Hecla Mining Company and Eugene R. Day vs. Bunker Hill and Sullivan case.The third series contains bank deposit books and financial ledgers and journals for his personal accounts, those of the Alaska properties, Burke Teaming, H.L. Day & Son, and the Osburn ranch.The fourth series contains personal material such as diaries and appointment books, and voucher indexes for his personal account and his estate.The fifth and final series contains material pertaining to the Estate of Eugene R. Day and includes both legal forms and various financial records, including two bound volumes detailing Eugene's income and expenditures, used to calculate his worth at the time of his death.

Scope and Content

The papers of Eugene R. Day span the years 1903 to 1926. Included are correspondence, legal documents pertaining to several law suits, financial records for his own personal accounts as well as business accounts, personal diaries and appointment books, and materials pertaining to the settlement of his estate.


Administrative/Biographical History

Eugene Rufus Day, the second of the sons of Henry & Ellen Day, was born in 1873. He studied at Santa Clara College in 1891, and showed an early interest in animal husbandry. He took an active role in the mining business of the family, and took part in the development of the Hercules Mine, serving as manager from 1912 until his death in 1922. In addition, he was associated with the ranch in Osburn, Idaho, the Day dairy (Standard Dairy Company), and the general store in Wardner. In 1909 he bought half interest in the Coeur d'Alene Hardware and Foundry, of which he was president from 1913-1922. A subsidiary of this company, beginning in 1915, was the Wallace Powder Company. Eugene was also the proprietor of Burke Teaming, a company owned by Henry L. Day and Son, meaning "Pa" Day and Eugene.

Plagued by illness all his life, he was partially paralyzed from birth. He also suffered from gallstones and Bright's disease which was the official cause of his death.

The major tragedy in Eugene's life was his disastrous marriage to Agnes Loretta Quinlan, daughter of a Mullan miner, on January 25, 1905. They separated soon after the marriage, but were never officially divorced. Eugene left nothing to her in his will and her feud with the Day family over the actual worth of the estate prolonged the probating of the will for several years.

Agnes Day's demand to know the net worth of the Day family in 1922 was similar to a demand previously made by the courts in 1917-1918 during what came to be known as the Cardoner Case which concerned the Hercules Mine. This case pertained to Eugene because Eugene was the principal in the case brought by the widow of Damian Cardoner, a former partner in the Hercules. In 1917 Mrs. Cardoner had accepted an offer from the Days for her share of the mine. Unfortunately for Cardoner that year was the most profitable in years for the Hercules. When she discovered this she claimed the Days had deceived her about the mine's true worth. The courts exonerated the Days, saying they gave a fair price for the widow's share.

These cases allowed the public to discover the exact worth of the family's empire; which because it had been such a closely guarded secret before this time, was a matter of much curiosity. The Days had a well-known penchant for financial reticence, apparently dating from the fights with the smelter trusts at the beginning of the century.

Eugene was principal promoter and president of two unprofitable mining companies, Ray-Jefferson, 1915, and Amazon-Manhattan, 1917-1922. Despite these failures his reorganization of the Coeur d'Alene Hardware & Foundry and Sherman Lead proved sound and profitable.

Near the end of his life he allied himself with Sarah Smith, widow of a discoverer of the Hecla Mine in an unsuccessful suit to control that company. On February 11, 1922, eight days after the Hecla suit ruling Eugene Day died in Sacred Heart Hospital, Spokane.


Subjects

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Idaho
Mines and Mineral Resources

Day, Eugene Rufus, 1893-1922--Archives.

Administrative Information

Source

The records of the Eugene R. Day are part of the records of Day Mines, Inc., donated to the University of Idaho by Henry Day in 1984 and 1985.

Processing Information

Initial processing of this Manuscript Group was done by Clay Williams in March 1988.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I. General Correspondence and Related Records 1907-1923
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1/1-41/1-4A-Z 1907-1909
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1/51/5Alaska mining properties 1912
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1/61/6Alaskan property - P.J. Bonner 1916-1917
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1/71/7Babine Mine 1917
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1/81/8Big Creek Mining Co. - L.J. Tefft
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1/91/9Big Ledge Development Co. 1916
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1/101/10Chicago Boston Mining Co. 1917-1918
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1/111/11Coeur d'Alene mines ore shipments 1912-1914
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1/121/12Consolidated Insurance Agency 1920-1923
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1/131/13Cronin, James 1917-1918
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1/141/14Daxon, William, property 1908-1914
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1/151/15Day, Agnes Loretta v. Eugene Rufus Day 1906
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1/161/16The Donald Mines undated
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1/171/17Emerald Group 1914-1919
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1/181/18Hecla-Federal litigation 1919-1921
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1/191/19Hecla-Star litigation 1921-1922
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1/201/20Hercules Mine 1907-1912
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1/211/21Hilltop property undated
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1/221/22Hope Mining Co. 1918
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1/231/23Imperial Mining Co. 1916-1920
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1/241/24Industrial Workers of the World 1920
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1/251/25Labor distribution - Expense bills, J.L. Bonner 1916-1917
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1/261/26Lead Crystal Mining Co. 1916
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1/271/27Ora Plata Group 1915
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1/281/28Parrott Lode claims 1918-1921
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1/291/29Ravalli Mine 1912
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1/301/30Red Cloud 1919
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1/311/31Scotch Bonnet Group 1916
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1/31a1/31aStar Silver Lead Mining Co. 1914-1915
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1/321/32Sunshine Mining Co. 1919-1921
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1/331/33U.S. patents, Indus & Oxus lodes 1913
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1/341/34Virginia Hill claim 1915
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1/351/35Waverly Tangier 1918
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1/361/36Yahk Mining District 1913
Series II. Legal Records 1917-1921
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1/371/37Cardoner vs. Day: Briefs 1917
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1/38-401/38-40Transcript of record 1917
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1/40a-40c1/40a-40cEugene R. Day & Sara E. Smith vs. Hecla Mining Co., James F. McCarthy, etc. 1919-1921
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1/40d1/40dEugene R. Day vs. Bunker Hill & Sullivan Mining & Concentrating Company 1921
Series III. Financial Records 1903-1922
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2/412/41Alaska Property: Cash book 1916-1917
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2/422/42Burke Teaming: Ledger 1914-1921
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os/42-45os/42-45Voucher registers 1911-1921
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2/46-472/46-47Day, Eugene R.: Statements of income and expenses 1914-1921
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os/48-51os/48-51Voucher registers 1914-1922
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2/51a2/51aCheck stubs and bank deposit books 1903-1917
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2/522/52H.L. Day & Son: Order book 1914-1915
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2/532/53Ledger 1909-1914
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os/54os/54Check register/journal 1907-1914
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os/55os/55Remittance register 1908-1914
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os/55aos/55aBank deposit books 1903-1909
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2/56-572/56-57Osburn Ranch: Orders 1915-1917
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2/582/58Ledger 1914-1920
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2/592/59Ledger 1914
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os/60-62os/60-62Voucher registers 1914-1921
Series IV. Personal Records 1911-1925
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2/63-672/63-67Diaries and appointment books 1911-1920
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3/68-693/68-69Diaries and appointment books 1921-1922
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3/703/70Voucher index 1914-1922
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3/713/71Voucher index, E.R. Day estate 1922-1925
Series V. Estate of Eugene R. Day 1906-1926
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4/72-734/72-73Files of A.P. Ramstedt 1906-1925
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4/744/74A.P. Ramstedt's journal detailing the net worth of Eugene R. Day 1922
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4/754/75Photostatic copies of notes of E.R. Day 1921
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4/764/76Address book undated
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4/774/77Correspondence with B.G. Skulason, lawyer for Agnes Loretta Day 1923
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4/784/78Correspondence pertaining to settlement of estate 1923-1925
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4/794/79Agnes Loretta Day settlement, drafts with comments 1923
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4/804/80Agnes Loretta Day settlement, final signed copy 1923
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4/814/81Inventory 1923
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4/824/82Inventory & appraisement 1923
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4/834/83District Court, Shoshone County 1922-1923
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4/844/84Probate Court, Shoshone County 1922-1923
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4/854/85Federal Court 1923
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4/864/86Montana District Court, County of Mineral 1923-1924
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4/874/87Taxes 1922-1926
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4/884/88Federal Estate Taxes 1923-1925
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4/894/89Journal detailing E.R. Day's income 1923
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os/90os/90Journal 1922-1923
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4/914/91Ledger 1922-1923
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4/924/92Journal 1922-1924

Profile Description

Creation: Encoded by ArchProteus2003
Language: Finding aid is in English

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