Skip to main content

Finding Aids

University of Idaho Library Special Collections & Archives Guides and Descriptions


Collections A-Z

Guide to the Stanly Easton Papers ; Easton (Stanly) Papers

Stanly Easton Papers, 1900-1916

1 of 2
Open Finding Aid
small (250x250 max)
medium (500x500 max)
Extra Large
large ( > 500x500)
Full Resolution

Guide to the Stanly Easton Papers 1900-1916

Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.

Overview of the Collection

Title: Stanly Easton Papers, 1900-1916
Creator: Stanly Easton, 1873-1961
Dates: 1900-1916
Quantity: 1 c.f.1 box
Abstract: Primarily reports of operatives working in the Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mine from 1900 to 1905.
Identification: MG 5
Language: English
Repository: University of Idaho Library Special Collections and Archives
850 Rayburn St.
P.O. Box 442351
Moscow, ID 83844-2351
(208) 885-7951

Arrangement and Description

The Papers are contained in one file box and have been separated into folders according to type of material. The reports of various operatives in the mines are in three folders, being in chronological arrangement within each folder. There is no arrangement within each of the other folders.

Scope and Content

The papers of Stanly Easton are primarily concerned with the Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mine. There are numerous reports of the operatives working in the mines and of one operative detailed to work among the ranchers who had filed a damage suit against the mine owners. There are newspaper clippings about the Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mine and the city of Kellogg, Idaho, as well as a photograph collection depicting various sections of the mine.

The only items not concerned with mining are publications dealing with the Republican National Convention in Chicago in 1916 to which Easton was a delegate.

The reports of the operatives contained in this file are very interesting and would be of great use to anyone interested in the growth of the miners' union after its virtual destruction in the Coeur d'Alene in 1899.

Administrative/Biographical History

As manager of the Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mine, Stanly Alexander Easton was in intimate touch with his staff, foremen and workers. Indeed, he was perhaps the most respected of the mine managers in the entire Coeur d'Alene mining area.

Born April 7, 1873 in Santa Cruz, California, Easton established a connection with the mining industry early in life. He was first employed as an office boy for the firm of Hans C. Behr and W.I. Salkeld, specialists in mechanical area mining engineering. From office boy he advanced to the field and in construction work had his first opportunity to gain first-hand experience of the many activities in mining at that time.

With this experience behind him, he entered the University of California College of Mines from which he graduated in 1894. After leaving college he worked underground at gold properties in Calaveras and Tuolumme counties doing such varied jobs as assaying, mining, and mill and construction work. In 1896 he went to the Northwest, working underground in the mines of western Montana, Rossland, B.C. and the Coeur d'Alene where he was employed as a miner at the Bunker Hill and Sullivan mine for the winter of 1896-1897. From there he went to Silver City, Idaho where he was in charge of productive mining work. From 1899-1900 he had charge of the development work at Greenwood, B.C., and afterward at Republic, Washington.

In 1901 he engaged in mine examination work under F.W. Bradley. Bradley was impressed with Easton's ability and character and placed him in charge of the Bunker Hill and Sullivan properties when Albert Burch resigned at the end of 1902.

In addition to his mining interests, Easton was also president of the Boy Scouts, of the Idaho Mining Association, a member of the Idaho State Board of Education, and a member of the Board of Regents of the University of Idaho from 1921-1931. In 1950 he received an honorary degree from that university.

After leaving Bunker Hill and Sullivan, Easton returned to California where he died December 17, 1961.


Mining in the Coeur d'Alenes

A lockout by mine owners in 1892 led to the destruction of the Frisco Mill at Gem, the killing of five miners by guards and the retaliatory shooting of several "scabs" (non-union miners) by members of the miners' union. Order was restored by state troopers and the power of the union was temporarily broken, but the atmosphere of hate continued for many years and later led to much violence.

The Western Federation of Miners was formed in 1893 and grew rapidly. In April, 1899 the Federation officials demanded the holdout Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mine unionize. The answer of the mine owners was to discharge all union miners. The unionists responded by dynamiting the Bunker Hill and Sullivan concentrator at Wardner, said to be the largest in the world. Governor Steunenberg declared martial law and President McKinley ordered U.S. troops from Montana into the area. The miners were rounded up and herded into hastily constructed barracks surrounded by barbed wire, an area later referred to as the "Bull Pen." Miners were gradually released after denying that they belonged to any subversive organization.

The influence of the Western Federation in Idaho had nearly been destroyed, and its leaders dispersed. New headquarters were established in Denver, and soon Charles H. Moyer, William D. Heywood and George A. Pettibone were officials in this new union.

The Assassination of Frank Steunenberg

Although Steunenberg had been out of office for nearly four years, living a quiet life with his family in Caldwell, the union could not forget his actions during the spring of 1899. As he was returning from his evening walk on December 30, 1905 a bomb was placed near his home . As he opened the garden gate he tripped the wire which exploded the bomb. Although badly maimed by the explosion, he lived for twenty minutes. For some time before the explosion he had been receiving threatening letters in the mail, and must have realized the source, for as he lay dying in his home he told his family that they (meaning the miners) finally got him.

It was not long before Harry Orchard was arrested and taken to Idaho State Penitentiary. Orchard soon confessed to Pinkerton agent James McParland and told him of his meetings with Western Federation of Miners officials Moyer, Heywood and Pettibone, and of their hiring him to murder the former governor. Moyer, Heywood and Pettibone were literally kidnapped in Colorado and placed on a special train which brought them very quickly into Idaho where they were arrested.


This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

Mines and Mineral Resources

Easton, Stanly Alexander, 1873-1961--Archives.

Manager of Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mine after 1902.

Detectives -- Idaho -- Shoshone County
Mining corporations -- Idaho -- Shoshone County

Bunker Hill and Sullivan Mining and Concentrating Company

Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I. Operatives Reports 1900-1908
1/11/1Operatives Reports 1900-June 1901 115 items
1/21/2Operatives Reports July 1901-February 1902 110 items
1/31/3Operatives Reports 1905-1906 131 items
1/41/4Operatives Reports 1907 173 items
1/51/5Operative 14 Reports 1905-October 1907 176 items
1/61/6Operative 14 Reports November 1907-June 1908 224 items
Series II. Publications and Clippings 1903-1936
1/71/7Strike 1919 26 items
1/81/8Pageant of Silver 1935 1 item
1/9-101/9-10Mining 1908-1936 51 items
1/111/11Personal 1910-1931 33 items
1/121/12Political and Patriotic 1904-1931 15 items
1/131/13Correspondence 1904-1934 10 items
1/141/14Miscellaneous Publications 1903-1924 21 items
Series III. Photographs 1916-1937
1/151/15Bulldozer at Work 1936 5 items
1/161/16Bunker Hill & Sullivan Mine. Change House 1916 6 items
1/171/17Bunker Hill & Sullivan Mine. Power House undated 5 items
1/181/18Cash Payday 1933 3 items
1/191/19Dredging River to Build a Dyke 1932-1933 8 items
1/201/20Easton, Stanly undated 2 items
1/211/21Fourth of July Parade, Coeur d'Alene 1936 2 items
1/221/22Kellogg, Idaho. Flood 1933 4 items
1/231/23Kellogg, Idaho. Miners' Union Hall undated 3 items
1/241/24Sunshine Mine Strike 1937 7 items
1/251/25First Aid Contest undated-1931 4 items
1/261/26Bunker Hill Mine and Smelter undated 2 items
1/271/27Bunker Hill Smelter Site 1916 4 items
1/281/28Garage Crew 1935-1937 2 items
1/291/29Wm. McDougall, Bob Jones, Zeb White undated 1 item
1/301/30Unloading slag car undated 1 item
1/311/31Two houses undated 2 items
1/321/32Miners Picnic, Kellogg. Parade 1936 1 item
1/331/33First statehouse in Idaho, Pierce undated 1 item
1/341/34Hunting trip in Clearwater; six elk killed 1927 34 items
1/351/35Airplanes at Air Show undated 1 item
1/361/36Unidentified Group of 34 men undated 1 item
Series IV. First Aid Contest 1918
1/371/37Photographs, prizes, teams, and posters 1918 9 items
Series V. Republican Convention 1916
1/381/38Correspondence 1916 42 items
1/391/39Program and Publications 1916 9 items
Series VI. Interviews 1957
1/401/40Reel to Reel tapes (2) 1957; Transcript 1984 3 items

Profile Description

Creation: Encoded by ArchProteus2003
Language: Finding aid is in English

you wish to report:

Select the collections to add or remove from your search