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Guide to the Office of Price Administration, Latah County, Idaho Records ; Office of Price Administration, Latah County, Idaho Records

Office of Price Administration, Latah County, Idaho Records, 1942-1945

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Guide to the Office of Price Administration, Latah County, Idaho Records 1942-1945

Sponsor: Funding for encoding this finding aid was provided through a grant awarded by the National Endowment for the Humanities.


Overview of the Collection

Title: Office of Price Administration, Latah County, Idaho Records, 1942-1945
Creator: Office of Price Administration, Latah County, Idaho
Dates: 1942-1945
Quantity: 22 Cubic Feet21 boxes
Abstract:Application files for rationed goods such as fuel oil, food, gasoline, and other products; also application forms, coupons, permits, and publications and audio-visual material explaining the rationing program.
Identification: MG 1
Language: English
Repository: University of Idaho Library Special Collections and Archives
850 Rayburn St.
P.O. Box 442351
Moscow, ID 83844-2351
(208) 885-7951
http://www.lib.uidaho.edu/special-collections

Arrangement and Description

Arrangement

The processed records of the Office of Price Administration, Latah County, retain the original order of the records as received. Although each individual had at least one file folder for his applications, these were refoldered into larger groups, retaining the original alphabetical order.The applications in the fuel oil series are alphabetical, the remainder are arranged by subject and retain the folder headings assigned by the OPA. The Special Mileage Rations are separated by medical and military need, with each having its own alphabetical arrangement. Food ration cards are arranged by town, then alphabetically, while the applications for war ration books are in one alphabetical file. Ration coupons are separated by type as are the blank forms. Each title in the publications series has its own folder; the regulations are separated by subject, and the audio-visual material by type.Approximately 12.5 linear feet of official government regulations and news letters were removed from this group and offered to the Government Documents Department of the University Library.

Scope and Content

Scope and Content

The records of the Latah County Branch of the Office of Price Administration span the years 1942-1945. Included are individual applications for men's rubber boots, transport and non-highway gasoline, fuel oil, and automobile tires, papers dealing exclusively with fuel oil, applications for special mileage rations -- either for medical purposes or military furlough, food ration cards, and applications for war ration books. Also included are examples of ration stamps and purchase permits, a variety of printed material, four film strips and ten phonorecords.


Historical Note

The authority to ration scarce commodities was delegated by Congress to the President under the Second War Powers Act, and delegated by the President to the three supply agencies: the War Food Administration handled foods, the Petroleum Administrator for War controlled petroleum products, and the War Production Board covered all other commodities. These agencies were responsible for supplying military needs and for controlling civilian production and allocation. When they found consumer rationing was necessary to insure fair distribution of consumer goods, the Office of Price Administration was directed to implement the rationing. There were four types of rationing used, depending on the commodity: point rationing for food, uniform coupon rationing for shoes and sugar, differential coupon rationing for fuel oil and gasoline, and certificate rationing for automobiles and rubber boots.

In 1944 the Moscow OPA office was designated a "record board", one of the few boards in each of the nine regions in the U.S. to be so designated. This insured that the Latah County records would be preserved for future historical use. In a letter to Belle Sweet, University of Idaho Librarian, dated March 7, 1945, Robert E. Stone, Historical Branch, Office of Price Administration, said, "We in the Office of Price Administration. believe that the records of the local boards contain information about people and the way they lived during the war years, and the distribution of commodities and prices which economists, sociologists, and students of public administration in institutions like yours may wish to study in the years to come."

The Boise and Twin Falls boards were also designated record boards and their records were to have been deposited at the University of Idaho, but in December 1945 Belle Sweet received a letter from H. J. Walker, District Price Board Executive in Boise stating that he had received instructions from the national office to discontinue Boise and Twin Falls as record boards and consequently the records had been destroyed.

Milburn Kenworthy was chairman of the Latah County Ration Board, which was located in the Moscow City Hall, from 1942 until its dissolution in 1945.


Index Terms

This collection is indexed under the following headings in the online catalog. Researchers desiring materials about related topics, persons, or places should search the catalog using these headings.

United States. Office of Price Administration. Latah County, Idaho

Rationing--Idaho

Government and Politics
Idaho

Administrative Information

Source

The records of the Office of Price Administration, Latah County, Idaho, were donated to the University of Idaho Library by the OPA in 1945.


Detailed Description of the Collection

Series I. Applications 1942-1945
box-folderbox-folder
1/1-211/1-21Aa-Ce 2229
box-folderbox-folder
2/21-422/21-42Ch-Dz 2008
box-folderbox-folder
3/43-633/43-63Ea-Gk 1873
box-folderbox-folder
4/64-834/64-83Gl-Hz 1816
box-folderbox-folder
5/84-995/84-99Ia-Kasp 1557
box-folderbox-folder
6/100-1176/100-117Kass-Lewis, D 1705
box-folderbox-folder
7/118-1357/118-135Lewis, E-MCK 1771
box-folderbox-folder
8/136-1538/136-153McL-Nelson, H 1813
box-folderbox-folder
9/154-1719/154-171Nelson, I-Peb 1943
box-folderbox-folder
10/172-18610/172-186Pec-Rem 1634
box-folderbox-folder
11/187-20411/187-204Ren-Sg 1883
box-folderbox-folder
12/205-22212/205-222Sh-Tz 1880
box-folderbox-folder
13/223-23713/223-237Ua-Whitm 1574
box-folderbox-folder
14/238-24514/238-245Whitn-Zz 836 items
Series II. Fuel Oil Papers 1942-1945
box-folderbox-folder
14/246-25914/246-259Alphabetical Files A-N 776 items
box-folderbox-folder
15/260-26715/260-267Alphabetical Files O-Z 337 items
box-folderbox-folder
15/268-26915/268-269Correspondence 123 items
box-folderbox-folder
15/27015/270R 1101 Private Dwelling 4 items
box-folderbox-folder
15/27115/271R 1101 Other than private premises 142 items
box-folderbox-folder
15/27215/272Auxiliary Applications 3 items
box-folderbox-folder
15/27315/273Reports of Stoves removed from rationing 14 items
box-folderbox-folder
15/27415/274Fuel Oil Exchange Certificates 12 items
box-folderbox-folder
15/27515/275Lost coupons, Fuel Oil 3 items
box-folderbox-folder
15/27615/276Fuel oil transfers from Latah County 2 items
box-folderbox-folder
15/27715/277Canceled and duplicate applications 25 items
box-folderbox-folder
15/27815/278One gallon fuel oil inventory coupons issued 35 items
box-folderbox-folder
15/27915/279Fuel oil bail outs 103 items
box-folderbox-folder
15/28015/280Fuel oil document register 107 items
Series III. Special Mileage Ration 1942-1943
box-folderbox-folder
15/281-28915/281-289Medical A-I 1040 items
box-folderbox-folder
16/290-29916/290-299Medical J-Z 1438 items
box-folderbox-folder
16/300-30716/300-307Military Furlough A-Z 1639 items
Series IV. Food Ration Cards
box-folderbox-folder
17/308-31017/308-310Moscow 2875 items
box-folderbox-folder
17/31017/310Avon, Bovill, Deary 605 items
box-folderbox-folder
17/31117/311Genesee, Harvard, Juliaetta, Kendrick 1110 items
box-folderbox-folder
17/31217/312Potlatch, Princeton 940 items
box-folderbox-folder
17/31317/313Troy, Viola 625 items
Series V. War Ration Book Application Cards 1942-1945
box
18-20A-Z 900 items
Series VI. Coupons, Permits, and Publications 1942-1945
A. Ration Coupons & Purchase Permits
box-folderbox-folder
21/31421/314Food 9 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/31521/315Fuel Oil 29 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/31621/316Gasoline & Mileage 43 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/31721/317Shoes & Boots 11 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/31821/318Stoves 6 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/31921/319Transportation (Cars, Bicycles, Tires) 6 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/32021/320Typewriters 3 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/32121/321War Ration Books 4 items
B. Forms
box-folderbox-folder
21/32221/322C, M, & O Series (Idle Equipment, Inventory and Attendance Reports) 10 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/32321/323R 47 - R 323 (Tires, Ration documents, Food) 26 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/32421/324R 500's (Gasoline & Mileage) 66 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/32521/325R 1100's (Fuel Oil) 26 items
C. Publications
box-folderbox-folder
21/32621/326Community Service Program 1945 23 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/32721/327Leaflets 1944-1945 18 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/32821/328Information Manuals 1943-1945 2 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/32921/329Point Value Charts 1944 4 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/33021/330Pre-views (Spokane) 1945 1 item
box-folderbox-folder
21/33121/331The Price Panel (Seattle) 1943 3 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/332-33321/332-333News Letter (Region 8, San Francisco) 1943-1945 101 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/33421/334Ranch News (Region 8, San Francisco) 1945 2 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/33521/335News Letter (Denver) 1942-1943 5 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/33621/336Transport Committee News 1945 1 item
box-folderbox-folder
21/33721/337Volunteers 1945 4 items
D. Regulations
box-folderbox-folder
21/33821/338General Information 1942-1945 16 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/33921/339Administration 1942-1943 37 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/34021/340Banking 1942-1943 6 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/34121/341Bicycles 1942 15 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/34221/342Clothing (including rubber boots and shoes) 1942-1945 6 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/34321/343Coffee 1942-1943 20 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/34421/344Food 1942-1945 73 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/34521/345Fuel Oil 1942-1943 35 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/34621/346Mileage 1942 3 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/347-34821/347-348Tires 1942-1945 82 items
box-folderbox-folder
21/34921/349Typewriters 1942 14 items
Series VII. Audio Visual Material
A. Filmstrips
box-folderbox-folder
21/35021/350OPA Reports to Congress March 1945 1 item
box-folderbox-folder
21/35121/351Educational Aspects of Red Stamp Point Rationing undated 1 item
box-folderbox-folder
21/35221/352The Black Market in Gasoline undated 1 item
box-folderbox-folder
21/35321/353Rent Rackets undated 1 item
B. Phonodiscs (12 inch)
box-folderbox-folder
22/---22/---"O.P.A. Fighting for tomorrow" undated 10 items

Profile Description

Creation: Encoded by ArchProteus2003
Language: Finding aid is in English

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